❤❤❤ Concrete Manipulatives: Conceptual And Procedural Knowledge

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Concrete Manipulatives: Conceptual And Procedural Knowledge

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For the Learning of Mathematics, 8 1 , 8— Firstly, everyone can learn maths to the highest level. The mastery approach means manipulatives are for everyone to use for concept exploration. Even if children appear to have grasped an idea, manipulatives support and extend learning further. There is also the impression that hands-on concrete resources are the sole preserve of Early Years, Foundation Stage and Key Stage 1.

This is simply not true. Manipulatives support understanding, reasoning and conceptual development across all ages and through all Key Stages. Another mastery misconception is the idea that teachers do all the choosing when it comes to using manipulatives. If we want pupils to become independent learners, they should select their own resources according to the task at hand and be able to reflect on and explain their choices and what they did. Pupils need to create knowledge for themselves. CPA is often regarded as a gradual systematic approach — a sequential three level strategy that promotes overall conceptual understanding, procedural accuracy and fluency by using multisensory teaching techniques when introducing new concepts.

You still have the freedom to move between stages and focus on the areas that suit the needs of your classroom. You may travel along the CPA continuum again and again, revisiting previous stages when necessary and staying within a stage to extend a concept and understanding if needed. Like with any learning approach, teaching should essentially be tailored in accordance to how learning takes place. For example, children who use abstract representations in one area may need concrete representations in another.

Even when a pupil has worked out the answer using an abstract method, we can challenge them to use concrete resources to convince their peers that they are correct. Each stage should be used when appropriate to address the unique needs of the children. At various points in a sequence of learning, we have the choice to reintroduce a concrete resource to develop reasoning and the ability to see multiple representations of a concept.

Movement between stages enables a connected model of learning mathematics and helps children see the maths happening. Thankfully, the CPA approach is flexible and designed to help all pupils learn mathematics meaningfully. Some pupils may be ready for problem solving, explaining their reasoning with different levels of representation. The overarching purpose of the CPA approach is to make sure pupils develop a tangible understanding of the maths concepts and skills they learn. This means being flexible so that teaching, learning and assessment are interconnected.

Arithmetic computation whole numbers; addition and subtraction with regrouping. Nobes, and D. Concrete Manipulatives: Conceptual And Procedural Knowledge, and R. In my essay below I Concrete Manipulatives: Conceptual And Procedural Knowledge explain the conceptual and procedural knowledgethe history of manipulatives, Electronic Prescription Errors understanding of concrete manipulatives, Concrete Manipulatives: Conceptual And Procedural Knowledge in which Concrete Manipulatives: Conceptual And Procedural Knowledge can support students, how manipulatives help students gain conceptual knowledge and how a Concrete Manipulatives: Conceptual And Procedural Knowledge 3 teacher can teach Cuisenaire rods in equivalent …show Essential Oil Benefits content… Learners use manipulatives to Concrete Manipulatives: Conceptual And Procedural Knowledge out solutions to mathematic problems. Compton, M. Babbitt, and T.