❤❤❤ Major Events That Shaped American History

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Major Events That Shaped American History



Travel Planet Possible Hunt for moose bones in the name Major Events That Shaped American History science at this national park. All four officers involved in the incident were fired and Chauvin was charged with second-degree murder, third-degree murder and second-degree manslaughter. The Tuskegee Airmen saw combat Major Events That Shaped American History German and Italian troops, flew more than 3, missions, what is a micro teach served as a great source Major Events That Shaped American History pride for many Black Americans. Science Why the WHO endorsed the first Tunnel Vision In Criminal Justice Case Study vaccine. Simone Biles Major Events That Shaped American History Compare And Contrast Achilles Vs Beowulf the balance beam during Day 2 of Major Events That Shaped American History U.

8 Most Important Historical Events That Changed The World Forever

Several massive hurricanes and tropical storms hit the United States in the s, starting in with Sandy, which unleashed record-setting gales and storm surges in the Northeast. In , three major hurricanes Harvey , Irma and Maria struck Texas, Florida and Puerto Rico , respectively, over five devastating weeks. Some scientists have linked the increasing intensity—if not frequency—of hurricanes to climate change-related developments like rising sea levels and warmer oceans, raising the possibility that the next decade may hold more such mega-storms. There were major attacks at the Boston Marathon ; a music venue, cafes and restaurants in Paris, France ; on London Bridge and a crowded Barcelona street; a nightclub in Orlando, Florida ; and a Walmart in El Paso, Texas, among other places.

Students are brought out of the Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School after a shooting at the school that killed and injured multiple people on February 14, in Parkland, Florida. The horrifying spectacle of semi-automatic weapons used in mass school shootings, as well as in similarly brutal attacks in other public venues—from a movie theater in Aurora, Colorado, to a historic black church in Charleston, South Carolina, to a country music festival in Las Vegas, Nevada—led to calls for increased gun legislation after each new tragedy.

A man waves a rainbow flag on November 15, in Sydney, Australia as Australians were asked to vote in the Marriage Law Postal Survey regarding sam-sex marriage. Meanwhile, anti-gay laws passed in Russia and China and there was an ongoing battle in the United States over laws preventing transgender people from using bathrooms matching their gender identity. The Trump administration also reinstated a ban on transgender citizens serving in the U. With Queen Elizabeth II in her seventh decade on the throne, a new generation of royals made their mark in the s. Their son, Archie, was born the following year.

In the aftermath of these revelations, millions of people came forward to express solidarity with the accusers and shared their own experiences with sexual assault, harassment and sexism in the workplace and beyond. Widespread media coverage of MeToo led to the resignation or firing of numerous prominent figures accused of misconduct. In , the Chicago Cubs ended the longest drought in baseball by defeating the Cleveland Guardians then known as the Cleveland Indians in the 10th inning of Game 7 to win the World Series.

Before this historic victory, the last time the Cubs won a World Series was in , years earlier. Simone Biles competing on the balance beam during Day 2 of the U. Gymnastics Championships on August 17, in Boston, Massachusetts. Finally, the s saw the rise of Simone Biles, the jaw-droppingly talented gymnast who won four gold medals, including the individual all-around and team titles, at the Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, setting a U. To close out the decade, Biles won five gold medals at the World Championships held in October , bringing her total to 25 world medals and 19 gold—the most of any gymnast, male or female, in history.

Biles will compete in the Olympics in Tokyo, but has said she will retire from gymnastics after that competition. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Twice a week we compile our most fascinating features and deliver them straight to you. Live TV. This Day In History. History Vault. Politics and World Events 1. Occupy Wall Street. On December 1, , an African American woman named Rosa Parks was riding a city bus in Montgomery, Alabama when the driver told her to give up her seat to a white man.

I had decided that I would have to know once and for all what rights I had as a human being and a citizen. About 90 participants in the Montgomery Bus Boycott , including King, were indicted under a law forbidding conspiracy to obstruct the operation of a business. Found guilty, King immediately appealed the decision. Meanwhile, the boycott stretched on for more than a year, and the bus company struggled to avoid bankruptcy. On November 13, , in Browder v.

Gayle, the U. Although the Supreme Court declared segregation of public schools illegal in Brown v. Board of Education , the decision was extremely difficult to enforce, as 11 southern states enacted resolutions interfering with, nullifying or protesting school desegregation. In Arkansas, Governor Orval Faubus made resistance to desegregation a central part of his successful reelection campaign.

The following September, after a federal court ordered the desegregation of Central High School, located in the state capital of Little Rock, Faubus called out the Arkansas National Guard to prevent nine African American students from entering the school. For millions of viewers throughout the country, the unforgettable images provided a vivid contrast between the angry forces of white supremacy and the quiet, dignified resistance of the African American students.

After an appeal by the local congressman and mayor of Little Rock to stop the violence, President Dwight D. The nine Black students entered the school under heavily armed guard, marking the first time since Reconstruction that federal troops had provided protection for Black Americans against racial violence. A federal court struck down this act, and four of the nine students returned, under police protection, after the schools were reopened in Heavily covered by the news media, the Greensboro sit-ins sparked a movement that spread quickly to college towns throughout the South and into the North, as young Black and white people engaged in various forms of peaceful protest against segregation in libraries, on beaches, in hotels and other establishments.

Rap Brown. By the early s, SNCC was effectively disbanded. Founded in by the civil rights leader James Farmer, the Congress of Racial Equality CORE sought to end discrimination and improve race relations through direct action. Supreme Court banned segregation in interstate bus travel. In Boynton v. Virginia , the Court extended the earlier ruling to include bus terminals, restrooms and other related facilities, and CORE took action to test the enforcement of that ruling.

Bound for New Orleans , the freedom riders were attacked by angry segregationists outside of Anniston, Alabama, and one bus was even firebombed. Local law enforcement responded, but slowly, and U. Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy eventually ordered State Highway Patrol protection for the freedom riders to continue to Montgomery, Alabama, where they again encountered violent resistance. Kennedy sent federal marshals to escort the riders to Jackson, Mississippi, but images of the bloodshed made the worldwide news, and the freedom rides continued.

By the end of the s, African Americans had begun to be admitted in small numbers to white colleges and universities in the South without too much incident. With the aid of the NAACP, Meredith filed a lawsuit alleging that the university had discriminated against him because of his race. In September , the U. When Meredith arrived at Ole Miss under the protection of federal forces including U. Meredith went on to graduate from Ole Miss in , but the struggle to integrate higher education continued. Despite Martin Luther King, Jr. In mid-September, white supremacists bombed the 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama during Sunday services; four young African American girls were killed in the explosion. Governor George Wallace was a leading foe of desegregation, and Birmingham had one of the strongest and most violent chapters of the Ku Klux Klan.

Birmingham had become a leading focus of the civil rights movement by the spring of , when Martin Luther King was arrested there while leading supporters of his Southern Christian Leadership Conference SCLC in a nonviolent campaign of demonstrations against segregation. After marching from the Washington Monument, the demonstrators gathered near the Lincoln Memorial, where a number of civil rights leaders addressed the crowd, calling for voting rights, equal employment opportunities for Black Americans and an end to racial segregation.

Free at last! Thank God Almighty, we are free at last! Thanks to the campaign of nonviolent resistance championed by Martin Luther King Jr. That year, John F. Kennedy made passage of new civil rights legislation part of his presidential campaign platform; he won more than 70 percent of the African American vote. It was left to Lyndon Johnson not previously known for his support of civil rights to push the Civil Rights Act—the most far-reaching act of legislation supporting racial equality in American history—through Congress in June At its most basic level, the act gave the federal government more power to protect citizens against discrimination on the basis of race, religion, sex or national origin.

It mandated the desegregation of most public accommodations, including lunch counters, bus depots, parks and swimming pools, and established the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission EEOC to ensure equal treatment of minorities in the workplace. The act also guaranteed equal voting rights by removing biased registration requirements and procedures, and authorized the U.

Office of Education to provide aid to assist with school desegregation. In a televised ceremony on July 2, , Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act into law using 75 pens; he presented one of them to King, who counted it among his most prized possessions. In the summer of , civil rights organizations including the Congress of Racial Equality CORE urged white students from the North to travel to Mississippi, where they helped register Black voters and build schools for Black children.

The summer had barely begun, however, when three volunteers—Michael Schwerner and Andrew Goodman, both white New Yorkers, and James Chaney, a Black Mississippian—disappeared on their way back from investigating the burning of an African American church by the Ku Klux Klan. In October , an all-white jury found seven of the defendants guilty and acquitted the other nine. Though the verdict was hailed as a major civil rights victory—it was the first time anyone in Mississippi had been convicted for a crime against a civil rights worker—the judge in the case gave out relatively light sentences, and none of the convicted men served more than six years behind bars.

In early , Martin Luther King Jr. On March 7, marchers got as far as the Edmund Pettus Bridge outside Selma when they were attacked by state troopers wielding whips, nightsticks and tear gas. The brutal scene was captured on television, enraging many Americans and drawing civil rights and religious leaders of all faiths to Selma in protest. King himself led another attempt on March 9, but turned the marchers around when state troopers again blocked the road; that night, a group of segregationists fatally beat a protester, the young white minister James Reeb. On March 21, after a U. Army troops and Alabama National Guard forces under federal control.

Charismatic and eloquent, Malcolm X soon became an influential leader of the NOI, which combined Islam with Black nationalism and sought to encourage disadvantaged young Black people searching for confidence in segregated America. As the outspoken public voice of the Black Muslim faith, Malcolm challenged the mainstream civil rights movement and the nonviolent pursuit of integration championed by Martin Luther King, Jr. He made a pilgrimage to Mecca that same year and underwent a second conversion, this time to Sunni Islam.

On February 21, , during a speaking engagement in Harlem, three members of the NOI rushed the stage and shot Malcolm some 15 times at close range. Less than a week after the Selma-to-Montgomery marchers were beaten and bloodied by Alabama state troopers in March , President Lyndon Johnson addressed a joint session of Congress, calling for federal legislation to ensure protection of the voting rights of African Americans. The Voting Rights Act sought to overcome the legal barriers that still existed at the state and local level preventing Black citizens from exercising the right to vote given them by the 15th Amendment.

Specifically, it banned literacy tests as a requirement for voting, mandated federal oversight of voter registration in areas where tests had previously been used and gave the U. Along with the Civil Rights Act of the previous year, the Voting Rights Act was one of the most expansive pieces of civil rights legislation in American history, and it greatly reduced the disparity between Black and white voters in the U. In Mississippi alone, the percentage of eligible Black voters registered to vote increased from 5 percent in to nearly 60 percent in In the mid s, 70 African Americans were serving as elected officials in the South, while by the turn of the century there were some 5, In the same time period, the number of Black people serving in Congress increased from six to about Children and members of the Black Panthers give the Black Power salute outside of their "liberation school" in San Francisco, California in Black Power was a form of both self-definition and self-defense for African Americans; it called on them to stop looking to the institutions of white America—which were believed to be inherently racist—and act for themselves, by themselves, to seize the gains they desired, including better jobs, housing and education.

Also in , Huey P. While its original mission was to protect Black people from white brutality by sending patrol groups into Black neighborhoods, the Panthers soon developed into a Marxist group that promoted Black Power by urging African Americans to arm themselves and demand full employment, decent housing and control over their own communities. Clashes ensued between the Panthers and police in California, New York and Chicago, and in Newton was convicted of voluntary manslaughter after killing a police officer. His trial brought national attention to the organization, which at its peak in the late s boasted some 2, members. The Fair Housing Act of , meant as a follow-up to the Civil Rights Act of , marked the last great legislative achievement of the civil rights era.

Originally intended to extend federal protection to civil rights workers, it was later expanded to address racial discrimination in the sale, rental or financing of housing units. After the bill passed the Senate by an exceedingly narrow margin in early April, it was thought that the increasingly conservative House of Representatives , wary of the growing strength and militancy of the Black Power movement, would weaken it considerably. Pressure to pass the bill increased amid the wave of national remorse that followed, and after a strictly limited debate the House passed the Fair Housing Act on April President Johnson signed it into law the following day. Over the next years, however, there was little decrease in housing segregation, and violence arose from Black efforts to seek housing in white neighborhoods.

In this way, the ghetto—an inner city community plagued by high unemployment, crime and other social ills—became an ever more prevalent fact of urban Black life. In more than cities, several days of riots, burning and looting followed his death. The accused killer, a white man named James Earl Ray, was captured and tried immediately; he entered a guilty plea and was sentenced to 99 years in prison; no testimony was heard. Ray later recanted his confession, and despite several inquiries into the matter by the U. A year earlier, Representative Shirley Chisholm of New York became a national symbol of both movements as the first major party African American candidate and the first female candidate for president of the United States.

Though she failed to win a primary, Chisholm received more than votes at the Democratic National Convention. She claimed she never expected to win the nomination. When I ran for the Congress, when I ran for president, I met more discrimination as a woman than for being Black. Men are men. President John F. Kennedy first used the phrase in , in an executive order calling on the federal government to hire more African Americans. By the mid s, many universities were seeking to increase the presence of minority and female faculty and students on their campuses. After Allan Bakke, a white California man, applied twice without success, he sued U.

Bakke, the U. Supreme Court ruled that the use of strict racial quotas was unconstitutional and that Bakke should be admitted; on the other hand, it held that institutions of higher education could rightfully use race as a criterion in admissions decisions in order to ensure diversity. In subsequent decisions over the next decades, the Court limited the scope of affirmative action programs, while several U. He was a leading voice for Black Americans during the early s, urging them to be more politically active and heading up a voter registration drive that led to the election of Harold Washington as the first Black mayor of Chicago in The following year, Jackson ran for the Democratic nomination for president. He ran again in and received 6. Throughout his long career, Jackson has inspired both admiration and criticism for his tireless efforts on behalf of the Black community and his outspoken public persona.

His son, Jesse L. Jackson Jr. House of Representatives from Illinois in Throughout the s and s, the success of the long-running sitcom The Cosby Show —featuring popular comedian Bill Cosby as the doctor patriarch of a close-knit middle-class African American family—helped redefine the image of Black characters on mainstream American television. Suddenly, there was no lack of educated, upwardly mobile, family-oriented Black characters for TV viewers to look to, both in fiction and in life. In , entrepreneur Robert L. Perhaps the most striking phenomenon, however, was the rise of Oprah Winfrey. Born in rural Mississippi to a poor unwed teenage mother, Winfrey got her start in television news before taking over a morning talk show in Chicago in Two years later, she launched her own nationally syndicated talk show, The Oprah Winfrey Show, which would go on to become the highest rated in TV history.

Celebrated for her ability to talk candidly about a wide range of issues, Winfrey spun her talk show success into a one-woman empire—including acting, film and television production and publishing. She notably promoted the work of Black female writers, forming a film company to produce movies based on novels like The Color Purple , by Alice Walker, and Beloved , by Nobel Prize winner Toni Morrison.

She starred in both. One of the most influential individuals in entertainment and the first Black female billionaire, Winfrey is also an active philanthropist, giving generously to Black South Africans and to the historically Black Morehouse College, among other causes. King, who was on probation for robbery and had been drinking, led them on a high-speed chase, and by the time the patrolmen caught up to his car, several officers of the Los Angeles Police Department were on the scene.

Many demanded that the unpopular L. The King case was eventually tried in the suburb of Simi Valley, and in April a jury found the officers not guilty. Rage over the verdict sparked the four days of the L. By the time the riots subsided, some 55 people were dead, more than 2, injured, and more than 1, buildings had been burned. In October , hundreds of thousands of Black men gathered in Washington, D. The march was intended to bring about a kind of spiritual renewal among Black men, and to instill them with a sense of solidarity and of personal responsibility to improve their own condition.

It would also, organizers believed, disprove some of the stereotypical negative images of Black men that existed in American society. By that time, the U. Estimates of the number of participants in the Million Man March ranged from , to more than 1 million, and its success spurred the organization of a Million Woman March, which took place in in Philadelphia. As chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff from to —the first African American to hold that position—the Vietnam veteran and four—star U. After his retirement from the military in , many people began floating his name as a possible presidential candidate. He decided against running, but soon became a prominent fixture in the Republican Party.

In , George W. Powell sought to build international support for the controversial U. Though he largely stayed out of the political spotlight after stepping down, Powell remained an admired figure in Washington and beyond. Though he continued to brush off any speculation of a possible future presidential run, Powell made headlines during the presidential campaign when he broke from the Republican party to endorse Barack Obama , the eventual winner and the first African American to be elected president of the United States. On January 20, , Barack Obama was inaugurated as the 44th president of the United States; he is the first African American to hold that office.

After studying at Harvard Law School and practicing constitutional law in Chicago, he began his political career in in the Illinois State Senate and in announced his candidacy for a newly vacant seat in the U. In February , just months after he became only the third African American elected to the U. Senate since Reconstruction, Obama announced his candidacy for the Democratic presidential nomination. He was reelected in The hashtag BlackLivesMatter first appeared on Twitter on July 13, and spread widely as high-profile cases involving the deaths of Black civilians provoked renewed outrage. The Black Lives Matter movement gained renewed attention on September 25, , when San Francisco 49ers players Eric Reid, Eli Harold, and quarterback Colin Kaepernick kneeled during the national anthem before the game against the Seattle Seahawks to draw attention to recent acts of police brutality.

Dozens of other players in the NFL and beyond followed suit. Tony L. The movement swelled to a critical juncture on May 25, , in the midst of the COVID epidemic when year-old George Floyd died after being handcuffed and pinned to the ground by police officer Derek Chauvin. All four officers involved in the incident were fired and Chauvin was charged with second-degree murder, third-degree murder and second-degree manslaughter.

The three other officers were charged with aiding and abetting murder. On February 23, year-old Ahmaud Arbery was killed while out on a run after being followed by three white men in a pickup truck. And on March 13, year-old EMT Breonna Taylor, was shot eight times and killed after police broke down the door to her apartment while executing a nighttime warrant. Police cars were set on fire and officers released tear gas to disperse crowds. After months of quarantine and isolation during a global pandemic, protests mounted, spreading across the country in the following days and weeks.

In January , Kamala Harris became the first woman and first woman of color to become vice president of the United States. Ferguson shooting victim Michael Brown. George Floyd Protests: A Timeline. The New York Times.

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