✍️✍️✍️ History Of Clara Barton: Angel Of The Battlefield

Thursday, July 15, 2021 9:02:36 PM

History Of Clara Barton: Angel Of The Battlefield



The Doctor has done all he can analysing the bacteria and sends Liz away for a blood sample of someone infected. Some time later, Price and Soap arrive at the Soviet base, remarking on Ghost's rashness, and History Of Clara Barton: Angel Of The Battlefield searching the area. History Of Clara Barton: Angel Of The Battlefield Price initially believed he had killed Zakhaev with an See More. The Doctor thanks the Silurian leader and shakes him History Of Clara Barton: Angel Of The Battlefield the hand. During this and many other battles, we witness Clara Barton, the American Florence Nightingale, setting up candle lanterns so that the surgeons could amputate Immanuel Wallersteins Theory Of World System Theory night, or ladling out mouthfuls of soup History Of Clara Barton: Angel Of The Battlefield role of teacher the Beauty Influences For Fashion could relieve their thirst, or distributing crackers to the starving or cloaks and History Of Clara Barton: Angel Of The Battlefield to the cold. In Path Of The Law Holmes, the first women cadets graduated History Of Clara Barton: Angel Of The Battlefield U.

Clara Barton: Angel of the Battlefield -National History Day

A shy child, she first found her calling when she tended to her brother David after an accident. Barton later found another outlet for her desire to be helpful as a teenager. She became a teacher at age 15 and later opened a free public school in New Jersey. She moved to Washington, D. Patent Office as a clerk in the mids. During the Civil War , Barton sought to help the soldiers in any way she could. At the beginning, she collected and distributed supplies for the Union Army. Not content sitting on the sidelines, Barton served as an independent nurse and first saw combat in Fredericksburg, Virginia, in She also cared for soldiers wounded at Antietam. Barton was nicknamed "the angel of the battlefield" for her work. After the war ended in , Barton worked for the War Department, helping to either reunite missing soldiers and their families or find out more about those who were missing.

She also became a lecturer and crowds of people came to hear her talk about her war experiences. Some time after returning home to the United States, she began to lobby for an American branch of this international organization. As its leader, Clara Barton oversaw assistance and relief work for the victims of such disasters as the Johnstown Flood and the Galveston Flood. Army Women's Museum. Photo courtesy of Center of Military History. The selfless service of Army nurses during the Spanish-American War was acknowledged by the Army when they established the Nurses Corps as a permanent corps of the Medical Department, under the Army Reorganization Act of Nurses were appointed to the Regular Army for a three-year period, although nurses were not actually commissioned as officers in the Regular Army during that period of time.

The appointment could be renewed provided the applicant had a "satisfactory record for efficiency, conduct and health. The law directed the surgeon general to maintain a list of qualified nurses who were willing to serve in an emergency. Therefore, provisions were made to appoint a certain number of nurses with at least six months of satisfactory service in the Army on a reserve status. Appointed acting assistant surgeon general, placing her in charge of selecting nurses to work for the Army. The surgeon general established a Nurse Corps Division in his office to direct and coordinate the efforts of military nursing, Aug.

While serving as the assistant surgeon general, McGee wrote a bill to establish a Nurse Corps, which eventually became Section 19 of the Army Reorganization Act of She became known as the "Founder of the Army Nurse Corps. Kinney, a former contract nurse, held the superintendent position since Jan. Upwards of 25, American women between the ages of 21 and 69 served overseas during World War I. They began going in August of —at first singly or with a few companions, later with service organizations, and lastly at the request of the U.

Although the largest number were nurses, women served in numerous other capacities — from administrators and secretaries to telephone operators and architects. Many women continued to serve long after Armistice Day, some returning home as late as Their efforts and contributions in the Great War left a lasting legacy that inspired change across the nation. The service of these women helped propel the passage of the 19th Amendment, June 4, , guaranteeing women the right to vote.

The National Service School was organized by the Women's Naval Service in to train women for duties in time of war and national disasters. The Army, Navy and the Marine Corps cooperated to train thousands of women for national service. Skills taught included: military calisthenics and drill, land telegraphy or telephone operating, manufacturing surgical dressings and bandages, signal work and many more. When the U. American Women quickly felt the impact of the nation's decision to go to war, after roughly 16 percent of the male workforce trooped off to battle. The call went out to women to fill the vacancies in shops, factories and offices throughout the country.

Eventually 20 percent or more of all workers in the wartime manufacture of electrical machinery, airplanes, and food were women. At the same time, they dominated formerly masculine jobs as clerical workers, interpreters and telephone operators, typists and stenographers. Women also occupied work as physicians, dentists, dietitians, pathologists, occupational and physical therapists, administrators, secretaries, "chauffeuses," searchers for Soldiers listed as missing , statisticians, decoders, librarians, supervisors of homes for women munitions workers, recreation directors, accountants, social workers, journalists, peace activists, small factory and warehouse operators, laboratory technicians, and architects. Such skills, along with nursing, would be needed both on the homefront and at the fighting front in the "War to End All Wars.

Army nurses were sent to Europe to support the American Expeditionary Forces. Training with gas masks was mandatory for all women serving in France in WWI. The Medical Department relied on women to fulfill needs in newly emerging fields, such as physical therapy. The Army contracted physicians and dieticians in significant numbers. A large group of women served as contractors in the Motor Corps occupying jobs like chauffeurs and mechanics in order to 'free a man to fight'.

More than half of the women who served in the U. These nurses found themselves working close to or at the front, living in bunkers and makeshift tents with few comforts. They experienced all the horror of sustained artillery barrages and the debilitating effects of mustard gas. Army nurses did not have officer status and were appointed without commission. After the war, Congress gave nurses officer status, but with "relative rank," which meant that a nurse lieutenant received less pay and status than a male lieutenant. Army nurses also played a critical role in the worldwide influenza epidemic of , the single most deadly epidemic in modern times. An estimated 18 million people around the globe lost their lives; among those were more than Army nurses.

The U. Army Signal Corps recruited and trained more than women - best known as the "Hello Girls" - to serve overseas as bilingual telephone operators. Army Signal Corps recruited and trained more than women - best known as the "Hello Girls" - to serve overseas as bilingual French-speaking telephone operators. The Army Signal Corps women traveled and lived under Army orders from the date of their acceptance until their termination from service. Their travel orders and per diem allowance orders read "same as Army nurses in Army regulations.

When the war ended and the telephone operators were no longer needed, the Army unceremoniously hustled the women home and refused to grant them official discharges, claiming that they had never officially been "in" the service. The women believed differently, however, and for years pressured Congress to recognize their services. Finally, after considerable congressional debate, the Signal Corps telephone operators of World War I were granted military status in - years after the majority of them had passed away.

Women served in large numbers in civilian welfare organizations both at home and abroad. By far the largest American organization overseas was the ARC. The number of volunteers with the ARC rose from 20 in to 6, women and men in January By order of the U. It was to "provide for the amusement and recreation of the troops by means of its usual program of social, educational, physical, and religious activities. The YMCA ultimately employed about 3, women, approximately one-fifth of its total workforce. Only about Salvationists served overseas, and were unique in that they often followed Soldiers to the front lines. The SA remained loyal to its slogan of "Soup, Soap, and Salvation," which came in the form of its now-famous doughnuts and other homemade goods, money transfer services, the mending of clothes and religious services.

Even with the SA's Christian tenets, its canteens and services were available to all. Although the idea of women in the Army other than the Army Nurse Corps was not completely abandoned following World War I, it was not until the threat of world war loomed again that renewed interest was given to this issue. With the rumblings of World War II on the horizon, Congresswoman Edith Nourse Rogers of Massachusetts states, "I was resolved that our women would not again serve with the Army without the same protection the men got.

They forever changed the role of women in aviation. Women stepped up to perform an array of critical Army jobs in order "to free a man to fight. Additionally, more than 60, Army Nurses served around the world and over 1, women flew aircraft for the Women's Airforce Service Pilots. Through the course of the war, , women served in the U. Army and the Women's Army Corps, proving themselves vital to the war effort. The selfless sacrifice of these brave women ushered in new economic and social changes that would forever alter the role of women in American society. The original intent of the WAC was to last for the duration of the war plus 6 months. Some WACs remained on active duty both in the continental United States and with the Armies of Occupation in Europe and the Far East, while others decided to return home with their memories and souvenirs from the war.

This was a six-place board, where WACs on duty operated complicated telephone connections for Army units. A contingent of WACs are sent on landing craft onto the European continent in American WACs were not trained on weapons as were their Chinese counterparts. Truman on June 12, It also created for the first time an organized Reserve for each of these branches. One month after the passage of the act, Truman issued Executive Order , establishing equality of treatment and opportunity in the armed services, paving the way for the racial desegregation of the Army.

Over 30, women trained at Camp Lee before it was moved to a new location at Fort McClellan in To obtain more WAC officers, the first direct commissions were offered that year to women college graduates as second lieutenants in the Organized Reserve Corps. On April 16, , President Harry S. The act also provided permanent commissioned officer status to military nurses, which put an end to relative rank and the full-but-temporary ranks granted during the middle of the war. President Harry S. Truman ordered U. With the outbreak of the Korean conflict, WAC strength authorization increased. WAC officers were involuntarily recalled to active duty, and those who had been the first to enlist when the Women's Armed Services Integration Act passed in were caught in involuntary extensions.

This was the first time women were summoned to active duty without their consent. Many were sent on assignment individually to the Korean Peninsula. In , a number of individual WAC officers and enlisted women filled key administrative positions in Pusan and later in Seoul. WACs were also sent to Cold War Europe and worked mainly as cryptographers; supply, intelligence, and communication specialists; and hospital technicians. WACs at Camp Lee train in various fields. Preparing for the completion of their work, these women pose for a quick photo.

Army Nurses unloading boxes of blood during the Korean War. Just like during World War II, Army nurses served in the combat theater very close to the extremely fluid front lines of the war. As a rule, they were the only military women allowed into the combat theater during this war. The WAC directors in the s and s sought to expand WAC by increasing the types of jobs available in the Army, and by promoting the Corps not only to possible recruits, but also to their family members. The leadership worked hard to act as role models and to instruct the women to respect the Corps, take pride in their work, and ensure that their personal behavior and appearance was always above reproach. Their success was marked by a request from the Army chief of staff to lift the recruitment ceiling on the number of women.

It was also during this era that we see the removal of restrictions on promotions, assignments and utilization. The center included a headquarters, a basic training battalion and a Women's Army Corps School. Not long after the establishment of the training center, the Army Uniform Board approved the concept of two green uniforms for women. The first was the Army green cord suit, issued in March , followed by the Army green service uniform, issued in July The development of the Army green uniform for both men and women marked another move toward equality between men and women Soldiers.

Women did not serve in the Vietnam War until nearly a decade after U. The first WAC officer was assigned to Vietnam in March , but it was not until that the use of WAC personnel in support elements was considered feasible for Vietnam. It was decided that WACs could make positive contributions, particularly in clerical, secretarial and administrative military occupational specialties MOS. The initial mission for Army women was to train Vietnamese army women. Hundreds of other WACs were assigned to individual headquarters in theater. WACs continued to serve in Vietnam until the withdrawal of troops in By the end of the war, over WACs had served in theater. More than 9, Army nurses served in hospitals and medical clinics throughout Vietnam.

Similarly, Army nurses were dispatched to support the fighting forces in April , with the rapid buildup of American forces in Vietnam. Between and , thousands of Army nurses served in combat theater, very close to combat. The last of more than 5, nurses departed from the Republic of Vietnam two months after the cease-fire, March 29, The group heads to Barton's office. Inside O's house, he and the Doctor discuss the situation, and Graham reveals O's security setup. O states he is cautious, believing the threat will follow the Doctor to him. In Barton's office, he confesses he only granted Yaz the interview because they are Brits and his mum reads their paper.

Yaz uses the bioscanner discreetly while Barton electronically verifies Yaz and Ryan's false identities. With Barton's approval, Yaz proceeds with the interview, while Ryan photographs Barton and duplicates his security badge. However, Barton's phone buzzes and he cuts the interview short; before leaving, he invites Yaz and Ryan to his house for his birthday party the next day as an apology. At O's house that night, something starts tripping the movement sensors. Seesay and Browning insist on staying outside to protect them as a luminescent figure appears. Suddenly, a large group materialises and they attack the two secret service agents, leaving nothing left.

They begin surrounding the house, only for O's security field to take out all but one. As the last one enters the house, a glass cage lands upon it and the creature is electrocuted, keeping it inside. It finally speaks to the Doctor, revealing itself to be from "far beyond your understanding" and is ready to take over the universe. As Yaz copies all his computer's files, Barton re-enters the building and the two are forced to hide behind a sofa. Although Barton only enters for his bag, he tells them to "show yourselves", only for two more of the glowing figures to arrive.

They discuss continuing their project before Barton leaves. Just as Yaz and Ryan prepare to depart as well, another glowing figure attacks Yaz, making her disappear. Ryan has no choice but to flee. Yaz wakes up in an alien landscape, surrounded by giant stalks, finding herself entirely alone. Yaz is attacked by a bright light and suddenly appears inside the creature's cage at O's house, just as Ryan phones the Doctor. She goes to pick him up and they regroup.

The next morning, Ryan comforts a shaken Yaz. Meanwhile, O quizzes Graham over what little he knows of the Doctor. O offers to share his findings before the Doctor orders them to discuss the situation. The Doctor discovers some alien code hidden the deepest recess of Barton's system and finds it is in an almost unknown language. Inside, the Doctor attempts to decrypt the image, eventually revealing itself as the creatures' locations across the Earth. However, the image of Earth replicates and O suggests tracking down the spymaster - in this case, Barton. Joined by O, the group lands in a vineyard in dinner jackets to investigate Barton.

However, as they enter, Barton receives footage of Yaz and Ryan's spy work. The group attempt to mingle. After being confronted by the Doctor, Barton denies all accusations put to him and angrily leaves in his car. Driving through the vineyard, Barton shoots at them, but they miss as Barton escapes to his private jet. The group hides in the hangar and plan to jump on with him. Leaping aboard the jet, O admits he was never a good runner. The Doctor knows he's lying, as he was a champion sprinter at school. Dropping the act, O admits he isn't who he is claiming to be while the Doctor and her companions find his house flying parallel to the plane.

O admits he has been the spymaster all along - specifically, "the spy Master" revealing himself to have been the Doctor's old friend and enemy all along having been in control of Barton and the aliens the whole time. Gleefully the Master tells the Doctor that he ambushed and killed the real O on his first day at MI6 using tissue compression and stole his identity to hide on Earth and infiltrate the organisation. Barton disappears from the pilot seat, leaving a bomb in his place that is immune to the sonic. Before leaving, the Master summons two of the aliens just as the device detonates, shattering the nose of the plane and sending it into a nosedive.

Suddenly, two of them do the same to the Doctor, with her reappearing in the same environment Yaz was in earlier. The others are left helpless in the falling plane, hurtling towards the ground. The Doctor wakes up to find herself in the alien's dimension, where she reminds herself to not panic. On the crashing plane, Graham, Yaz, and Ryan are panicking, but Ryan spots a series of plaques underneath the seats with his name on and arrows to grab his attention. They lead him to a seat containing a sheet titled "How to Land a Plane Without a Cockpit" and he decides to try it out.

Meanwhile, the Doctor discovers a young woman wearing early 19th-century clothes in the alien realm with her, but she appears calm about the situation. In the plane, the instructions lead to Ryan plugging his phone into an under-floor cable, at which point the Doctor appears on the overhead screens. She tells them that they are not going to die and an app titled "Piloting Made Easy" has been installed on Ryan's phone. With the simple controls, they use it to successfully level out the plane. The woman in the alien dimension names herself as Ada and reveals that she believes to be inside her imagination while she is paralysed in real life, and has visited the location many times before.

Eventually, light gathers around her and one of the glowing aliens appears and Ada uses it to offer a way out to the Doctor. The two hold hands and they vanish. Meanwhile, the plane automatically returns to its programmed flight pattern and the group wait to see where it will land. However, Barton is notified of the plane returning to normal. Frustrated, the Master promises to find the Doctor while Barton works on her friends. The Doctor and Ava land back in Ava's time - a science convention London. The Doctor brushes off her appearance as "the Marvellous Apparating Man", before correcting herself.

She promises to find her fam any way she can. The rest of the group have landed in Essex and decide, via Barton's hacked diary, to visit his keynote speech in London the next night, but without him realising they are still alive. Barton starts trying to track them down. The Doctor attempts to explain herself and her situation to Ava, before the Master arrives in Victorian clothes, using his Tissue Compression Eliminator to kill innocent bystanders. The Doctor makes herself known to stop the chaos and he forces her to kneel before him. The Master inadvertently reveals that he knows almost nothing of the creatures except their general interests and their name - the Kasaavin.

The Master attempts to bring the Doctor "news from home" but Ada shoots him in the arm with a steam machine gun and the two escape, although with no TARDIS to help them. In , the Doctor's friends attempt to formulate a plan as Barton phones all of them at once. He reveals he has tracked down all their personal information and has revoked their freedom of movement, just as their faces appear on an advertising screen, marking them as wanted for hijacking.

Barton dares them to go off-grid, so Ryan stomps on all their phones and they run. Ada leads the Doctor to a colleague's house who the Doctor realises is famous polymath Charles Babbage , and therefore, Ada is Ada Lovelace, one of the first-ever computer scientists, although she is calling herself Ada Gordon at this time. Babbage points them to a statue called the Silver Lady that Barton and the Master later owned and the Doctor realises it has projected the Kasaavin to Ada since she was young as part of their plan to place spies, not on multiple Earths, but multiple periods of Earth.

She sonics the statue and a Kasaavin appears, hoping to use it to return to the 21st century, but Ada grabs her hand and they disappear together. That night, Graham, Yaz, and Ryan rest in a disused building site as they try to do what the Doctor would do in this situation. Although they admit they do not know as much about the Doctor as they wish, they also realise they still own some spy gadgets to defend themselves with, just as a group of Kasaavin appear. The Doctor and Ada appear in the middle of a bombing raid, and a nearby woman reveals they have landed in Paris at night during the German occupation in World War II. The group hide together as the Master arrives in German army uniform.

Back on the building site, the three become surrounded by Kasaavin, though Graham attempts to fend them off with his laser shoe. Somewhere else, in an empty hangar, Barton appears with the Silver Lady in front of an older woman tied to a chair. She is revealed to be his mother and that he wanted to see her on "the last day. In Paris, German soldiers enter the woman's apartment as the Doctor and Ada hide under the floorboards. Finding nothing, the Master leaves and the Doctor realises the other woman is Noor Inayat Khan , the first female radio operator to be placed behind enemy lines. The Doctor realises she has been placed here due to Ada coming through the teleport with her and sighs at the enormity of the task at hand.

In , Yaz uses a phone box to call home and convince them she is OK. However, the call is being tracked by VOR and they are quickly surrounded by armed men. Despite this, Graham threatens them with his shoe, revealing it all to be a plan, and they steal the men's phones and escape in their car. Elsewhere, the Doctor taps out a four-beat Morse code signal to the Master and the two make telepathic contact. They promise to meet up alone. At the top of the Eiffel Tower , the Doctor and the Master talk.

The Master explains he is using a perception filter to fit the Nazis' Aryan stereotype, and that it was he who hijacked the MI6 car and killed C. The Master reveals that he did not bring the Kasaavin to Earth, but were already there as spies. He just "suggested a better plan. Noor sends a Morse message back to London before her and Ada take a mobile phone the Doctor has given them to find something out of place. She does not answer but instead activates her sonic screwdriver.

The Master reveals he is simply using Barton and the Kasaavin as part of his plan to destroy the human race before dispensing of his allies. He also states he recently visited Gallifrey and it has been burned to the ground, but he is interrupted by the arrival of Nazi troops, with Noor having outed him as a double agent and the Doctor jamming his perception filter. She leaves as he is turned upon by the soldiers and enters his TARDIS with Ada and Noor, realising the Kasaavin have been tracking people who worked in the development of computers, starting with Ada.

In an auditorium, Barton gives his speech, thanking the public for giving all their details to him. He sends them all a text - "Humanity is over. You have three minutes to prepare. As the Silver Lady starts moving and summoning dozens of Kasaavin, everyone's phones activate and Barton prepares to wipe most of humanity's DNA for use as data storage.

However, the Silver Lady suddenly stops and Barton storms off into hiding. Suddenly, the Doctor enters the hangar with Ada and Noor, revealing she knew Barton would go on to own the statue and re-engineered it so it would shut down upon a mass Kasaavin gathering. The Doctor tells the Kasaavin to leave and plays them her sonic's audio recording of the Master's plan to double-cross them. Furious, the aliens hound upon the Master and he is teleported to their dimension, screaming the Doctor's name.

Meanwhile, the Doctor promises to explain everything to her friends and drop Ada and Noor back home but first has to create the materials on the plane that saved the gang's lives. First, the Doctor drops off Noor. After promising her the fascists will never win as long as people like her are there, the Doctor wipes her memory and bids her "bonne chance" as she passes out. Next, it is Ada's turn, although she is desperate to keep travelling. Despite begging to not have her memory wiped, the Doctor goes through with it and she wishes her sweet dreams as she leaves.

Alone, the Doctor travels to Gallifrey. The entire Capital is destroyed and still burning. Mortified, the Doctor can barely move. Back inside the TARDIS, a geo-activated holographic message from the Master plays, revealing that he did the damage, furious that "the whole existence of our species [was] built on the lie of the Timeless Child. The Master says the vision is hidden in all Gallifreyans but refuses to say more. Five adventures later and the Doctor is still deep in thought about the Master's words. The group round on her for not being open about her life and she quickly tells them about where she came from, why she travels, and her relationship with the Master.

When Yaz asks if they can visit Gallifrey, she sombrely replies, "another time. Because this site places both episodes of Spyfall into one single article, it is slightly more difficult to properly represent the crew in the above framework. Episodes 1 and 2 did not share the same credits. As a result, these episodes belonged to two different production blocks. Rebecca Trotman edited both episodes, but was joined by Tom Chapman , who shared the credit with her for Part Two. Cerys Lewis serves as standby props person in Part One, instead. Megan Bowes was a make-up artist credited only on Part One. Meanwhile, the South Africa crew, in its entirety, played a role in principal photography only for Part One.

Agatha Jackson is only seen, alongside Scott, as production assistant , when the credits roll on Spyfall: Part One. Helen Searle received credit for cast payroll only in Part Two. Joshua Montoro-Bailes served as a camera assistant only on Part One. Steffan Allen was listed as grip assistant only on Part Two. Alec Roberts is said in Part Two to only have "orchestrated", rather than "orchestrated and conducted". Kiran Marshall joined Howard Bargroff credited on both as dubbing mixer on Part Two's post-production team. Martin Joinson 's services as aviation consultant were only called upon for Part Two. Terrance Dicks "Masterful" dedication. Divided Loyalties and A Brief History of Time Lords feature or otherwise acknowledge the War Chief , but in the process of contradicting the notion put forward by other stories that he was an incarnation of the Master.

One account suggests that the incarnation portrayed by Roger Delgado may be the same as the one portrayed by Peter Pratt while some others distinguish them. According to one account , the incarnation portrayed by Gordon Tipple is the one portrayed by Anthony Ainley , while some others state that the Ainley one was already lost by then. Tardis Explore. Main episode list Classmates. Main episode list K9 and Company. Other media. Real people. Explore Wikis Community Central. Register Don't have an account? Spyfall TV story. Edit source History Talk Do you like this video? Play Sound.

As such, it is often referred to simply as The Silurians, its originally intended broadcast title. Hawkins informs the History Of Clara Barton: Angel Of The Battlefield of the deaths History Of Clara Barton: Angel Of The Battlefield Wright and Soledad O Brien In America Summary and that the Silurians are advancing everywhere. She earned the name the "Angel of the Battlefield" by coming to the aid History Of Clara Barton: Angel Of The Battlefield wounded soldiers, eventually gaining official recognition for her contributions History Of Clara Barton: Angel Of The Battlefield being formally named the Superintendent of Union Nurses. Statue: C greets them at the top of the History Of Clara Barton: Angel Of The Battlefield but mistakenly addresses Graham History Of Clara Barton: Angel Of The Battlefield the Doctor. Ford's Theatre National Historic Site. Unable to recognise the part, he tosses it aside.